I Bet You'll Be Shocked To Know The Reason Why India Has Been Fighting For Kashmir. It's Not What You Think…

We all are aware of the never ending conflict between India and Pakistan for Kashmir. It started just after the partition of India and since then, the two countries have been involved in three wars over the princely state which includes the wars of 1947, 1965 and 1999.
 

Image Source: Daily FT
Image Source: Daily FT

But why India just can’t think of losing this state? India is pretty much aware of the importance of Kashmir, not only from the national and political point of view but also from the geopolitical and security point of view. It is considered as “Wall of India” as it is covered with high mountains and peaks which give a sort of natural wall from the neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Afghanistan and also act as a barrier to any foreign army trying to invade in India.
Image Source: Slideshare
Image Source: Slideshare

Having a control over these mountains can help India ensure its national safety, security and integrity. India knows very well that if the control over these mountains will go into the hands of Pakistan, Pakistani army and terrorists will have an easy and clear run into the internal regions of India which will no doubt increase the risk of more wars and attacks between the two countries. If Kashmir goes into the hands of Pakistan, it will give them a direct access to Punjab and fairly accessible to Delhi, which is the heart of the country. Thus India’s enemies, both nations and terrorist organizations will have a direct access to India’s heart.
Apart from Kashmir, there are other border states and areas which are on a similar kind of situation. Losing it can raise the fear of a domino effect (chain reaction) letting other countries attack these areas which India just cannot contemplate.
Even if India let’s Kashmir become a part of Pakistan, which is not on the cards, it is very hard to believe that bloodshed will stop. Pakistani army can easily use it as a launch pad for invading in Punjab, Himachal, Haryana and other neighboring states. Opening yet another door for Pakistani insurgency and disturbing the peaceful lives of people living in the nearby states is out of the scene. India would much rather like to fight Pakistani army and terrorists in Kashmir and let the rest of India breathe easy and feel safe.
Image Source: Global Solutions
Image Source: Global Solutions

There are a lot of people in Kashmir who want it to be given the independent status and have been involved in some fierce protests. Though during partition in 1947, it was declared an independent state but Pakistan took the advantage of the state’s weakness by attacking and moving its forces to take Srinagar under their control.
Kashmir was left with no option but to seek help from India. India agreed to assist Kashmir on a condition that it will become an integral part of India and an agreement was signed between India and the then Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh. Indian troops were sent to the state to prevent Pakistani army advance further and a formal cease-fire was declared. India knows that the moment Kashmir becomes independent, Pakistan and terrorist organizations will not even think twice before attacking it, which India doesn’t want.
Image Source: Slideshare
Image Source: Slideshare

India is known for its “Unity in Diversity,” as it is a diverse political union which shares different cultures from different states joined together as a family from thousands of years. Kashmir is a core part in this shared culture and losing it would weaken the Indian unity. We have already seen in the separation of central Asia and central Europe that it takes decades for regions to settle down after a major separation.
Another important aspect can be the geographical advantage India has with Kashmir. It is the only access for India to the mighty river Indus which is considered as the biggest source of water for India in the north-west region. Without having access to Indus, India will have to lose a rich resource of water to Pakistan, though majority of the river flows in Pakistan.
Many Pakistan-sponsored militants believe that Kashmir is the stepping stone in their quest to conquer the vast subcontinent, i.e. India and Kashmir can open the doors further and increase their appetite for conquering India.
India now looks at Kashmir as an integral part of the country and giving it to Pakistan would make India lose its credibility and face in the international arena.